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Causes Of Diabetes And Who Should Be Screened?

When you eat, the food becomes glucose (sugar) which creates critical energy for your body. Once the glucose progresses into the bloodstream, your pancreas creates a hormone that is referred to as insulin, which assists in the process of distributing the glucose into your body. But if your body is unable to produce a sufficient level of insulin, or if your body’s cells are not using the isulin effectively, then too much sugar will be present in your bloodstream. If either of these two scenarios occurs, the excess buildup of glucose will cause diabetes.

The Center For Disease Control And Prevention has stated that 30.3 million adults in the US have diabetes. Unfortunately, diabetes can lead to serious health issues. According to the Center For Disease Control And Prevention (CDC), diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. The list of complications that can take place due to this condition includes heart disease, kidney failure, and blindness. In fact, diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, and also the No. 1 cause of blindness in adults. It can also result in high blood pressure, and the risks that are involved when high pressure exists were examined in this recent article.

Types Of Diabetes

If your blood glucose level is 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL v) or greater after fasting for eight hours then diabetes is present in your body. This is also the case with a non-fasting glucose level that is 200 mg/dL or higher. Whether this is the result of your body becoming resistant to the insulin that is being created as was just described, or it is due to your body simply not producing the level of insulin that you need, the condition that results can be chronic.

There are three different types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes can occur if your autoimmune system is overly active, and which causes the body to essentially attack itself. This will cause the pancreas to stop making insulin, and this condition affects around 5% of people who are contending with diabetes. In most cases, it impacts children, teenagers, and younger adults. Anyone with type 1 diabetes will require an insulin intake each day to combat this issue. The likelihood of having type 1 diabetes increase if you have a family history that includes a parent, brother or sister with the same condition.

Type 2 diabetes exists if your body is not processing insulin properly, which stops your blood level from remaining at a normal level. This condition is most often diagnosed in adults and can evolve over a number of years.  Particularly for people who have a family history of diabetes, are overweight, or already have prediabetes – which will be discussed in greater detail shortly.

According to the CDC, anywhere from 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes are type 2. The risk of encountering type 2 diabetes increases as you age, although it can also occur in children, teenagers, and younger adults. While people with type 2 diabetes can experience extreme hunger, sudden weight loss, frequent urination, excessive thirst, dry skin and sudden changes in their vision, it has been estimated that nearly one-third of people who have type 2 diabetes will not notice any symptoms.

However, early screening can alert you to the fact that you have this condition, which can help you avoid the serious complications that can occur through not being aware that you have developed this condition.

There are also steps that you can take to reduce your chances of having this occur by maintaining a healthy lifestyle. This will involve the type of food that you eat, and you should also maintain a regular exercise regimen, and make sure that you avoid sitting for long periods of time.

Gestational diabetes can take place in pregnant women, and the condition usually disappears once your baby has been born. However, the presence of gestational diabetes also increases the risk of having type 2 diabetes at some point later in your life. It also raises the likelihood that your baby will also develop type 2 diabetes in the future.

The risk of contending with gestational diabetes increases if you are at least 25 years old, if you are overweight, if you are giving birth to multiple babies, or if you have given birth to a baby who weighs at least nine pounds. You are also at greater risk if you have experienced gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy. Many women who have gestational diabetes will not experience any symptoms.

Prediabetes impacts approximately 84 million adults and is a condition in which your blood sugar levels are above normal. yet they are not high enough for you to be diagnosed with diabetes. According to the CDC, 90% of people who have prediabetes are not aware that have this condition. The existence of prediabetes will place you at risk of eventually developing type 2 diabetes, along with the serious conditions that can occur such as stroke, and heart disease. The risk of having prediabetes is higher if you are at least 45 years old, if you are overweight, if you are not exercising regularly, or if you have a parent, sister or brother who has type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Screening

The American Diabetes Association recommends that blood tests for diabetes should occur for anyone who is at least age 45, and even earlier for anyone who is overweight or has demonstrated symptoms of the condition. The fact that people with type 2 diabetes can remain undiagnosed since they are not experiencing symptoms also makes it important to ensure that you do not have this condition if you already have any of the risk factors that were discussed.

There are several types of tests that are used when attempting to determine if you have diabetes. Sometimes, a fasting plasma glucose test is used, which consists of having your blood drawn after you have fasted overnight. In some cases, an oral glucose test involves having you drink a sugary solution several hours before your blood will be drawn. In other situations, a blood sample is taken regardless of how recently you have eaten.

Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes cannot technically be cured, but the good news is that it can be controlled.  This can be accomplished by adhering to a plan that you have been provided with by your doctor. That will enable you to maintain a blood sugar level that reaches the goal that you have been given. In addition to controlling your blood sugar level, you will also need to manage your cholesterol and your blood pressure.

This will require your commitment toward a proper diet, regular exercise, and the correct use of medication that you have been prescribed. It will also be important to remain diligent about taking you lab tests when they have been scheduled.

At Rapid Med Urgent Care Center We Can Help 

If you have any questions or concerns about diabetes or have reasons to believe that someone you know might be in need of treatment, do not hesitate to contact us at Rapid Med Urgent Care Center. At Rapid Med, not only do we offer immediate medical attention for conditions that are not critical or life-threatening, but we also provide both primary and preventive care. This includes the preventative care that we provide through type 2 diabetes screening.  That is among the many preventative and primary care services that we offer at Rapid Med including:

Our Primary Care 

  • After Hours Care Available
  • Continuity of Care
  • Health Maintenance
  • Patient Education
  • Vaccinations

Our Preventative Care 

  • Alcohol Misuse Screening & Counseling
  • Atherosclerosis Risk Factor Modification
  • Blood Pressure Screening
  • Cancer Screening
  • Cholesterol Screening
  • Depression Screening
  • HIV-STD Screening
  • Immunizations
  • Obesity Screening & Counseling
  • Type 2 Diabetes Screening
  • Weight Management
  • Wellness Exams

In addition to visiting our offices at either location, you can receive the same great care and consideration by using our On Demand service through your phone, tablet, or computer.

Regardless of how you contact us, we can also assist you, or answer any questions regarding any of these other medical problems.

Our Urgent Care


Phil Clark
Phil’s experience as a writer enabled him to generate advertising and marketing material throughout his career in the television industry before he expanded his level of knowledge by creating various promotional elements for all forms of media in other industries. He has also produced articles that have been published in numerous publications and websites, including usatoday.com, and USA Today’s football magazine, where he wrote weekly columns and player profiles for multiple years. He has also worked with Photoshop, Illustrator, and Vizio, and has a BS in Broadcasting from Indiana State University.
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